Types of Kinship Care
How the child came to be in the kinship arrangements determines they type of placement and the different responsibilities of the local authority.
Informal Kinship Care
Informal kinship also known as a private arrangement is where a child lives with family or friends without any active involvement of the social work service and the child it not considered legally “Looked After”. Many informal care arrangements with relatives are unknown to the local authority. In some situations, the children may have social work involvement under section 22 of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 as a “child in need”.
Formal Kinship Care
Formal kinship care is when a child has a legal status as 'Looked After' and were placed by or with involvement of the Local Authority with relatives or people known to them. A Children's Hearing or court order may also place children in formal kinship care.
It is these Formal Kinship Care arrangements that Aberdeen City Council have duties and responsibilities are set out in legislation and guidance towards the Looked After Child and to the Kinship Carer in their own right.
In instances where a birth parent lives with their child in the household or enters a shared care arrangement with kin, this is not deemed a kinship placement. The parent will still have legal responsibility for the child and can access appropriate provisions as a parent.
This applies even when recommended by social work as part of a child or young person’s safety plan.
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